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揭秘你不知道的“五年规划”:公众可参与规划制定

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年06月17日 08:42:14
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后二腾讯分分彩小方法平台直属招商客服QQ【7915171】诚招代理龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯5,10分欢乐生肖,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。揭秘你不知道的“五年规划”:公众可参与规划制定

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(  “民)(有)(所)(呼)(,我)(有)(所)(应)(”
  中)(国)(的)(决)(策)(过)(程)(实)(际)(上)(比)(西)(方)(国)(家)(更)(关)(注)(民)(心)(与)(民)(意)(。就)(如)(习)(近)(平)(同)(志)(指)(出)(的)(那)(样)(:“我)(们)(在)(追)(求)(民)(意)(方)(面)(,不)(仅)(不)(比)(西)(方)(国)(家)(少)(,甚)(至)(还)(要)(更)(多)(。”
  “民)(有)(所)(呼)(,我)(有)(所)(应)(”。“十)(二)(五)(”规)(划)(明)(确)(提)(出)(要)(“顺)(应)(人)(民)(过)(上)(更)(好)(生)(活)(的)(期)(盼)(”。人)(民)(群)(众)(最)(关)(心)(的)(问)(题)(,也)(是)(党)(中)(央)(、国)(务)(院)(最)(关)(心)(的)(问)(题)(。“十)(二)(五)(”规)(划)(从)(编)(制)(一)(开)(始)(,就)(把)(保)(障)(和)(改)(善)(民)(生)(作)(为)(整)(个)(规)(划)(的)(出)(发)(点)(和)(落)(脚)(点)(。
  “十)(二)(五)(”规)(划)(编)(制)(过)(程)(中)(,决)(策)(者)(始)(终)(注)(意)(倾)(听)(民)(众)(的)(意)(见)(。“十)(二)(五)(”规)(划)(开)(展)(的)(建)(言)(献)(策)(活)(动)(,关)(注)(人)(民)(生)(活)(和)(社)(会)(建)(设)(的)(有)(15953份)(,占)(24.65%;关)(注)(城)(乡)(区)(域)(发)(展)(的)(有)(8811份)(,占)(13.62%;科)(技)(教)(育)(人)(才)(8010份)(,占)(12.38%;能)(源)(资)(源)(和)(生)(态)(环)(境)(6250份)(,占)(9.66%;改)(革)(开)(放)(5692份)(,占)(8.80%;产)(业)(体)(系)(和)(基)(础)(设)(施)(5097份)(,占)(7.88%;其)(他)(14897份)(,占)(23.01%。
  对)(普)(通)(公)(众)(来)(说)(,其)(实)(最)(关)(注)(的)(就)(是)(和)(自)(己)(生)(活)(密)(切)(相)(关)(的)(民)(生)(问)(题)(。能)(够)(保)(障)(和)(改)(善)(民)(生)(的)(民)(主)(才)(是)(有)(含)(金)(量)(的)(民)(主)(,也)(是)(体)(现)(社)(会)(主)(义)(优)(越)(性)(的)(民)(主)(。根)(据)(2011年)(《CCTV经)(济)(生)(活)(大)(调)(查)(》,对)(于)(“您)(家)(的)(主)(要)(困)(难)(?”这)(个)(问)(题)(,选)(择)(最)(多)(的)(是)(收)(入)((66%),排)(在)(第)(二)(的)(是)(医)(疗)((48%),排)(在)(第)(三)(的)(是)(住)(房)((46%)。对)(于)(“未)(来)(五)(年)(您)(最)(期)(待)(改)(善)(?”排)(在)(首)(位)(的)(是)(收)(入)(状)(况)(,66%的)(受)(访)(者)(最)(希)(望)(未)(来)(自)(己)(的)(收)(入)(状)(况)(能)(有)(所)(改)(观)(;其)(次)(是)(贫)(富)(差)(距)(,44%的)(受)(访)(者)(希)(望)(未)(来)(五)(年)(能)(缩)(小)(贫)(富)(差)(距)(;排)(在)(第)(三)(位)(最)(希)(望)(改)(善)(的)(是)(房)(价)((37%)。这)(些)(民)(生)(诉)(求)(都)(在)(“十)(二)(五)(”规)(划)(中)(得)(到)(体)(现)(。
  “民)(生)(优)(先)(”是)(“十)(二)(五)(”规)(划)(的)(突)(出)(亮)(点)(
  “民)(生)(优)(先)(”是)(“十)(二)(五)(”规)(划)(的)(突)(出)(亮)(点)(。首)(先)(是)(提)(出)(了)(居)(民)(收)(入)(快)(速)(增)(长)(的)(量)(化)(指)(标)(,要)(求)(城)(镇)(居)(民)(可)(支)(配)(收)(入)(、农)(村)(居)(民)(纯)(收)(入)(增)(长)(率)(要)(大)(于)(7%,不)(但)(高)(于)(“十)(一)(五)(”5%的)(年)(增)(长)(率)(目)(标)(,同)(时)(也)(高)(于)(GDP的)(增)(长)(率)(。其)(次)(,明)(确)(将)(坚)(持)(把)(保)(障)(和)(改)(善)(民)(生)(作)(为)(加)(快)(转)(变)(经)(济)(发)(展)(方)(式)(的)(根)(本)(出)(发)(点)(和)(落)(脚)(点)(。第)(三)(,“十)(二)(五)(”规)(划)(纲)(要)(将)(公)(共)(服)(务)(放)(在)(突)(出)(位)(置)(,解)(决)(好)(人)(民)(群)(众)(最)(关)(心)(的)(基)(本)(公)(共)(服)(务)(、就)(业)(、收)(入)(分)(配)(、医)(疗)(卫)(生)(、住)(房)(保)(障)(等)(问)(题)(被)(放)(在)(了)(更)(加)(突)(出)(重)(要)(的)(位)(置)(。第)(四)(专)(门)(提)(出)(了)(包)(括)(十)(项)(内)(容)(的)(改)(善)(民)(生)(行)(动)(计)(划)(,包)(括)(:扩)(大)(城)(乡)(就)(业)(规)(模)(;提)(高)(最)(低)(工)(资)(标)(准)(;提)(高)(养)(老)(保)(障)(水)(平)(;提)(高)(医)(疗)(保)(障)(水)(平)(;提)(高)(城)(乡)(低)(保)(标)(准)(;减)(轻)(居)(民)(税)(收)(负)(担)(;减)(少)(贫)(困)(人)(口)(数)(量)(;实)(施)(保)(障)(性)(安)(居)(工)(程)(,全)(国)(保)(障)(性)(住)(房)(覆)(盖)(面)(达)(到)(20%,土)(地)(出)(让)(净)(收)(益)(用)(于)(保)(障)(性)(住)(房)(建)(设)(,各)(类)(棚)(户)(区)(改)(造)(比)(例)(不)(低)(于)(10%;调)(整)(国)(有)(资)(本)(收)(益)(分)(配)(:逐)(步)(将)(国)(有)(资)(本)(收)(益)(比)(例)(提)(高)(到)(25%左)(右)(,新)(增)(部)(分)(主)(要)(用)(于)(社)(会)(保)(障)(等)(民)(生)(支)(出)(;完)(善)(就)(业)(和)(社)(会)(保)(障)(服)(务)(体)(系)(。这)(对)(于)(人)(民)(大)(众)(来)(说)(是)(最)(实)(惠)(也)(是)(看)(得)(见)(摸)(得)(着)(的)(,是)(社)(会)(主)(义)(共)(同)(富)(裕)(原)(则)(的)(最)(好)(体)(现)(。
  中)(国)(决)(策)(过)(程)(的)(公)(众)(参)(与)(度)(其)(实)(挺)(高)(
  国)(家)(越)(来)(越)(关)(注)(民)(生)(问)(题)(,这)(个)(过)(程)(恰)(恰)(和)(“十)(二)(五)(”规)(划)(制)(定)(过)(程)(的)(民)(主)(化)(、科)(学)(化)(、制)(度)(化)(相)(关)(。因)(此)(就)(形)(成)(了)(一)(个)(互)(动)(过)(程)(:民)(主)(化)(推)(动)(了)(民)(生)(,民)(生)(又)(进)(一)(步)(支)(撑)(了)(民)(主)(,但)(是)(这)(个)(民)(主)(是)(集)(中)(在)(公)(共)(决)(策)(上)(的)(民)(主)(,而)(不)(是)(选)(举)(民)(主)(。
  什)(么)(是)(参)(与)(型)(民)(主)(?当)(今)(对)(“公)(众)(参)(与)(”的)(讨)(论)(似)(乎)(假)(定)(,政)(策)(制)(定)(过)(程)(中)(存)(在)(一)(扇)(门)(,决)(策)(者)(在)(里)(面)(,公)(众)(在)(外)(面)(。建)(立)(公)(众)(参)(与)(机)(制)(无)(非)(是)(把)(原)(来)(紧)(锁)(的)(门)(改)(装)(成)(虚)(掩)(的)(单)(向)(弹)(簧)(门)(,公)(众)(参)(与)(就)(好)(比)(公)(众)(推)(开)(了)(那)(扇)(门)(,得)(以)(登)(堂)(入)(室)(参)(与)(屋)(内)(的)(游)(戏)(,不)(过)(矜)(持)(的)(决)(策)(者)(却)(不)(会)(走)(出)(户)(外)(。
  毛)(泽)(东)(等)(中)(共)(领)(导)(人)(对)(“参)(与)(”的)(理)(解)(与)(此)(截)(然)(不)(同)(,他)(们)(主)(张)(决)(策)(者)(必)(须)(走)(出)(户)(外)(,主)(动)(深)(入)(到)(群)(众)(中)(去)(;同)(时)(,他)(们)(也)(主)(张)(主)(动)(把)(群)(众)(请)(进)(来)(,倾)(听)(他)(们)(的)(意)(见)(。与)(目)(前)(流)(行)(的)(各)(种)(公)(共)(参)(与)(模)(式)(相)(比)(,群)(众)(路)(线)(可)(以)(说)(是)(一)(种)(逆)(向)(参)(与)(模)(式)(,它)(所)(强)(调)(的)(是)(,决)(策)(者)(必)(须)(主)(动)(深)(入)(到)(人)(民)(大)(众)(中)(去)(,而)(不)(是)(坐)(等)(群)(众)(前)(来)(参)(与)(。
  深)(入)(群)(众)(,就)(要)(倾)(听)(群)(众)(的)(呼)(声)(,了)(解)(民)(意)(。毛)(泽)(东)(特)(别)(强)(调)(到)(基)(层)(进)(行)(调)(查)(研)(究)(的)(重)(要)(性)(,他)(本)(人)(也)(树)(立)(了)(调)(查)(研)(究)(的)(典)(范)(。他)(认)(为)(,实)(际)(政)(策)(的)(决)(定)(一)(定)(要)(根)(据)(具)(体)(情)(况)(。坐)(在)(房)(子)(里)(想)(象)(的)(东)(西)(一)(定)(是)(脱)(离)(实)(际)(的)(东)(西)(。“所)(以)(详)(细)(的)(科)(学)(的)(实)(际)(调)(查)(,乃)(非)(常)(之)(必)(需)(。”为)(此)(,他)(提)(出)(了)(“没)(有)(调)(查)(,就)(没)(有)(发)(言)(权)(”的)(名)(言)(。
  群)(众)(路)(线)(的)(决)(策)(模)(式)(调)(转)(了)(参)(与)(的)(方)(向)(,要)(求)(决)(策)(者)(主)(动)(、持)(续)(地)(深)(入)(群)(众)(。与)(选)(举)(和)(公)(众)(参)(与)(相)(比)(,很)(明)(显)(,群)(众)(路)(线)(更)(有)(利)(于)(回)(应)(广)(大)(人)(民)(群)(众)(的)(需)(求)(。
  逆)(向)(参)(与)(可)(以)(弥)(补)(政)(治)(参)(与)(偏)(向)(参)(与)(能)(力)(较)(强)(利)(益)(相)(关)(群)(体)(的)(缺)(陷)(。各)(级)(决)(策)(者)((包)(括)(最)(高)(决)(策)(者)()通)(过)(调)(研)(,召)(开)(座)(谈)(会)(等)(方)(式)(听)(取)(公)(众)(的)(意)(见)(就)(是)(逆)(向)(参)(与)(的)(一)(种)(形)(式)(。
  通)(过)(对)(“十)(二)(五)(”规)(划)(制)(定)(过)(程)(的)(公)(众)(参)(与)(研)(究)(,我)(们)(尝)(试)(揭)(示)(逆)(向)(公)(众)(参)(与)(机)(制)(。逆)(向)(公)(众)(参)(与)(虽)(然)(是)(决)(策)(者)(主)(动)(汲)(取)(公)(众)(意)(见)(的)(参)(与)(模)(式)(,但)(是)(根)(据)(决)(策)(者)(主)(动)(性)(程)(度)(,可)(以)(分)(为)(四)(个)(机)(制)(:
  (一)()决)(策)(者)(调)(查)(会)(。指)(决)(策)(者)(和)(不)(同)(阶)(层)(、代)(表)(不)(同)(利)(益)(群)(体)(的)(公)(众)(直)(接)(接)(触)(和)(沟)(通)(,以)(了)(解)(公)(众)(意)(见)(的)(方)(式)(。
  (二)()动)(员)(式)(意)(见)(征)(集)(。指)(通)(过)(党)(和)(政)(府)(的)(政)(治)(动)(员)(系)(统)(来)(鼓)(励)(和)(征)(集)(公)(众)(对)(于)(公)(共)(政)(策)(的)(意)(见)(。比)(如)(国)(家)(“十)(二)(五)(”制)(定)(期)(间)(,决)(策)(者)(通)(过)(党)(群)(系)(统)(来)(动)(员)(和)(收)(集)(其)(所)(联)(系)(群)(体)(的)(公)(众)(意)(见)(。
  (三)()正)(式)(渠)(道)(的)(公)(众)(征)(集)(。指)(通)(过)(公)(开)(的)(渠)(道)(鼓)(励)(公)(众)(建)(言)(献)(策)(。
  (四)()非)(正)(式)(渠)(道)(的)(公)(众)(表)(达)(。随)(着)(网)(络)(等)(公)(共)(政)(策)(讨)(论)(空)(间)(的)(兴)(起)(,大)(量)(的)(公)(众)(意)(见)(通)(过)(公)(开)(渠)(道)(影)(响)(决)(策)(者)(。
  此)(外)(,通)(过)(“十)(二)(五)(”规)(划)(制)(定)(过)(程)(的)(案)(例)(研)(究)(,我)(们)(发)(现)(认)(为)(中)(国)(公)(众)(对)(国)(家)(政)(策)(“低)(参)(与)(度)(”实)(际)(上)(是)(个)(表)(象)(,从)(决)(策)(者)(主)(动)(倾)(听)(公)(众)(声)(音)(的)(逆)(向)(参)(与)(视)(角)(来)(看)(,中)(国)(决)(策)(过)(程)(实)(际)(上)(表)(现)(出)(很)(高)(的)(公)(众)(参)(与)(度)(:首)(先)(,决)(策)(者)(有)(走)(群)(众)(路)(线)(的)(传)(统)(,力)(图)(深)(入)(群)(众)(;其)(次)(,决)(策)(者)(试)(图)(获)(得)(最)(全)(面)(的)(信)(息)(。我)(们)(可)(以)(看)(到)(决)(策)(者)(在)(调)(研)(、召)(开)(座)(谈)(会)(以)(及)(动)(员)(意)(见)(征)(集)(时)(,总)(是)(试)(图)(获)(得)(最)(大)(范)(围)(公)(众)(的)(代)(表)(性)(;第)(三)(,打)(破)(层)(级)(。逆)(向)(参)(与)(打)(破)(了)(正)(向)(公)(众)(参)(与)(面)(临)(的)(行)(政)(系)(统)(层)(级)(的)(障)(碍)(,使)(得)(决)(策)(者)(有)(更)(多)(机)(会)(和)(公)(众)(直)(接)(接)(触)(。(王)(绍)(光)(鄢)(一)(龙)()
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